• Fordism and Taylorism

     

    Fordism and Taylorism<o:p></o:p>

     

    The Fordism

     

     

     

        The Fordism is named after Henry Ford . It refers to several social theories . Ford ( 1863-1947 ) was an American engineer . He founded the Ford Motor Company at Detroit in 1903 . He was a pioneer of standardization, mass production and the assembly line . By adopting these techniques he was able to produce reliable and low cost cars and other motor vehicles . He made his first “gasoline buggy” in 1893 and produced farm factors in 1915 .

        The Fordism production system has 4 key elements :<o:p></o:p>

               -The separation of different work tasks between different groups of workers , in witch unskilled workers execute simple , repetitive tasks and skilled workers undertake functions related to research , design , marketinq and quality control .<o:p></o:p>

               -Parts and components of the motor vehicles are highly standardized . <o:p></o:p>

               -The machines are arranged in the right order to manufacture the product .<o:p></o:p>

               -Workers are working on an assembly line .<o:p></o:p>

          The main goal of Fordism is to lower the manufacturing cost of the automobile . <o:p></o:p>

    The Fordism production system was used again by other firms .<o:p></o:p>

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    The Taylorism

     

     

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          The Taylorism is named after Frederick Winslow Taylor . It’s also called Scientific Management . Taylor thought that decisions based upon tradition should be replaced by precise procedures developed after studies about a person at work . <o:p></o:p>

          The Taylorism consist in : <o:p></o:p>

                 -developing a standard method to perform each job .<o:p></o:p>

                 -selecting workers with appropriate capacities for each job .<o:p></o:p>

                 -training workers for the standard method previously developed ; <o:p></o:p>

                 -supporting workers by organizing their work .<o:p></o:p>

                 -giving incentives payment to workers to increase output <o:p></o:p>

    But the Taylorism ignores individual differences so it is efficient , but not for all the workers. <o:p></o:p>

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     => Thanks to  Ford and Taylor , America became an industrial country .<o:p></o:p>

     

                                                                                                                                                                   Héliciane Palenzuela , 1èreS10 :)


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